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3rd EAI International Conference on Nature of Computation and Communication

November 23–24, 2017 | Tam Ky, Vietnam

Keynote speech: Towards semantic interoperability in the Internet of Things

Bio

Marcin Paprzycki is an associate professor at the Systems Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences. He has an MS from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland, a Ph.D. from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, and a D.Sc. Degree from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. He is a senior member of IEEE, a senior member of ACM, a Senior Fulbright Lecturer, and an IEEE CS Distinguished Visitor. He has contributed to more than 450 publications and was invited to the program committees of over 500 international conferences. He is on the editorial boards of 12 journals and a book series. To reach him, please visit http://www.ibspan.waw.pl/~paprzyck/.

Abstract

Lack of interoperability of Internet of Things (IoT) platforms / systems / applications (artifacts) is being recognized as an important issue that prevents faster development of IoT ecosystems (including Smart Grids / Homes / Neighborhoods, office buildings, etc.). Acknowledging this problem, the European Commission has funded seven research projects that are to address it. While interoperability can be considered on many levels, here we are interested in semantic interoperability. This is also the focus of current presentation. Based on our recent work, we came to the conclusion that we have to assume that: (i) research should focus on joining at least three artifacts (to avoid “two-platform-simplifications” that can easily “distort judgment”), and (ii) existing IoT artifacts cannot be easily changed (resistance of stakeholders) and / or do not have semantics represented in the OWL language. We also have to assume that, at least for the time being, process of joining multiple IoT artifacts will be guided by representatives of stakeholders (we thus omit considerations related to the discovery and inclusion of services “from the WWW”). Therefore, we have proposed the following approach leading towards establishing semantic interoperability within IoT ecosystems: (1) Modular ontology consisting of: (a) core vocabulary of the IoT, and (b) domain specific modules (facilitating communication concerning given “topic” – one or more modules for each “topic”) has to be developed. (2) Semantics of each artifact has to be extracted and lifted to OWL (providing foundation for semantic translations). (3) Translators (bidirectional – producer and consumer) between the “local vocabulary” and the “lifted vocabulary” have to be created. (4) Alignments (“directional”) between ontologies representing each entity, and appropriately selected modules of the central ontology have to be instantiated and stored. They will be later used in data translations. It should be stressed that, while each step is supported with a set of tools (usability of which depends on the specific situation), none of them can be completed automatically. In other words, it is necessary to have a “human in the loop” to make sure that the resulting vocabularies, alignments, etc. are appropriately high quality. The aim of the presentation will be to provide details of the above described proposal for reaching semantic interoperability in IoT ecosystems. Research presented in the talk is being supported by EU-H2020-ICT grant INTER-IoT 687283.

Keynote speech: Fuzzy Rules Generation from Data with Comprehensibility, Completeness and Correctness

Bio

Phayung Meesad is currently an Associate Professor at the Department of Information Technology Management, Faculty of Information Technology, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB). He is also the dean of the Faculty of Information Technology, KMUTNB. His research of interests are in the areas of Computational Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Mining, Digital Signal Processing, and Business Intelligence.

Abstract

One of the benefits of fuzzy logic is a reasoning mechanism that allows data to be not only be able to make decision but also to understand cause-effect behind them. A suitable fuzzy system must be constructed in such a way that they are equipped with the comprehensibility, completeness, and correctness. Fuzzy rules can be either built from experienced experts or generated directly from data. The rules must be preserved both comprehensibility, completeness, and correctness. This talk presents details how to generate fuzzy rules that have comprehensibility, completeness, and correctness features so that the fuzzy system can make reasoning about the data while keeping the accuracy on the prediction. The method is as follows. Firstly, training data are cluster based on an increment learning fuzzy neural network. Secondly, initial clusters are mapped to fuzzy rules. Finally, the fuzzy rules are optimized based on comprehensibility, completeness, and correctness. Some experiments on pattern classification and time series prediction are illustrated.

Keynote speech: The Impacts of Software Stability on the Art of Abstraction

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Bio

M.E. Fayad earned an MS and a PhD in computer science and Engineering from the University of Minnesota at Minneapolis. His research topic was OO Software Engineering: Problems and Perspectives. He is a full professor of Computer Engineering at San Jose State University since 2002. Previously, he was J.D. Edwards professor of Software Engineering in the Department of Computer Science & Engineering at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln , from 1999 to 2002. Between 1995 and 1999, he was an associate professor of Computer Science and a faculty of Computer Engineering at the University of Nevada. He has more than fifteen years of industrial experience in addition to ten years as a software architect in companies, such as McDonnell Douglas and Philips Research Laboratory. His reputation has grown by his achievements in the industry — he has been an IEEE distinguished speaker, an associate editor, editorial advisor, a columnist for The Communications of the ACM (his column is Thinking Objectively), a columnist for Al-Ahram Egyptians Newspaper (2 million subscribers), an editor-in-chief for IEEE Computer Society Press—Computer Science and Engineering Practice Press (1995–1997), a general chair of IEEE/Arab Computer Society International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA 2001), Beirut, Lebanon, June 26–29, 2001, and the founder and president of Arab Computer Society (ACS) from April 2004 to April 2007.

Abstract

Fayad’s Software Stability is a radically new and a disruptive innovation in the field of software engineering. It is a new way of looking at how any software development effort should be undertaken, different from the approaches that we see today. Software Stability moves on from the traditional ways of software development where a specific software artifacts (many form of abstractions) are developed for every different specific application scenario to an approach that promotes factoring in the needs for the future as well and thus making the software thus developed, ‘stable’ over time, i.e.it need not be changed in a big way over and over again. Software Stability brings along qualities such as high returns on investment, complete and comprehensive domain and requirement analysis, high degree of reuse, adaptability, scalability, fine abstraction, and more to any software developed along the lines of this development methodology. Abstraction is the sole heart of software and knowledge engineering. Software Stability is the best approach for unified and stable abstractions.

Software Stability also does not draw a hard line of transition between the various steps in any software development methodology. For example the requirements, design, coding and testing for any given functionality are done in one go. Such activities can be done for each of the functionalities that have to be included in the software, in a concurrent fashion. This presentation is an introduction to the Impacts on Software Stability on the Art of Abstraction and how it can be used for any software development undertaking from start to the delivery of unified and stable systems. This presentation shows how to unify abstraction true analysis and ultimate design within unified and stable software systems within budget and provides excellent quantitative stability methods without excessive limitations

Keynote speech: Role of Bio and Nature Inspired computing in Lifestyle and Environment based Human Disorder

Bio

Dr. Manik Sharma is MCA, UGC-NET qualified and has received his Ph.D. degree from Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar, India. He has around twelve years of teaching experience. Currently, he is working as an Assistant Professor in the department of Computer Science and Applications at DAV University Jalandhar, India. His areas of research are Distributed Databases, Data Mining and Soft Computing. He has published 03 books. In addition, he has published 14 research papers in various journals of International repute. Additionally, he presented eight research papers in different national and international conferences. Moreover, he is an active member of several International Program Committee, Technical Program Committee, and Advisory Committee of several academics conferences (United Kingdom, Singapore, Mauritius, Thailand, Vietnam, USA, Hong Kong, Canada, UAE, and India).

Abstract

Everyone insist for a lively, vigorous and easeful life. However, every individual in the whole world has been affected with one or another disease. It has been observed that number of people died due to delayed diagnosis of the disease. On the other hand, early prediction of human disorder can save their life and can oversight the diseases. Precise and early disease diagnosis is one of the challenging research problems that still spur to a great deal of attention. This talk will describe several studies characterizing the role of different bio and nature inspired computing techniques which are used in developing an innovative early diagnosis predictive system for lifestyle and environment based human disorder.

Keynote speech: IoT & Smart Cities Emergences

Bio

Vijender Kumar Solanki, Ph.D is Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science & Engineering, at CMR Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, TS, India. He has more than 10 years of academic experience in network security, IoT, Big Data and Smart City. Prior to his current role, he was associated with Apeejay Institute of Technology, Greater Noida, UP, KSRCE (Autonomous) Institution, Tamilnadu, India , Institute of Technology & Science, Ghaziabad, UP. He has attended orientation program at UGC-Academic Staff College, University of Kerala, Kerala & Refresher course at Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, UP, India. He has authored or co-authored more than 20 research articles that are published in journals, books and conference proceedings. He has edited or co-edited 2 books in the area of Big Data & Information Technology. He is associate editor of IJMLNCE, and editorial member of many reputed journal. Currently He is teaching graduate & post graduate level courses students in CMR Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, TS, India. He received Ph.D in Computer Science and Engineering from Anna University, Chennai, India in 2017 and ME, MCA from Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, India in 2007 and 2004, respectively and a bachelor's degree in Science from JLN Government College, Faridabad Haryana, India in 2001. He is guest editor with IGI-Global, USA, InderScience & Many more publishers. He can be contacted at spesinfo@yahoo.com

Abstract

As the population is increasing and resources are decreasing, it’s the high time, when mostly developed countries are opting for smart home solutions. In the development of smart home, information technologies are playing important roles. Automation in term of, sensors based devices are proving smart picture by making life easier and saving lot of energy and resources. The use of Internet of Things has ensured the life realm easy and as the devices connectivity growth, life becoming more smarter. Against the background of economic and technological changes, it’s the right time to start understanding concept of Smart City.